Galungan lan Kuningan

Galungan lan Kuningan

Galungan is a Balinese holiday celebrating the victory of dharma over adharma. It marks the time when the ancestral spirits visit the Earth. Galungan marks the beginning of the most important recurring religious ceremonies. The spirits of deceased relatives who have died and been cremated return to visit their former homes, and the current inhabitants have a responsibility to be hospitable through prayers and offerings. The most obvious sign of the celebrations are the penjor - bamboo poles with offerings suspended at the end. These are installed by the side of roads. A number of days around the Kuningan day have special names, and are marked by the organization of particular activities.

The last day of the celebration is Kuningan, when they return. The Balinese believe that Kuningan day is the day when their ancestors return to heaven after visiting the earth during Galungan celebration. They make offerings to be given to the ancestors on their farewell day. The offerings include yellowed rice (Kuningan is derived from the word kuning which means yellow) which is placed in a small “bowl” made of coconut leaves.


Ngayah is a local wisdom that exists, grows and develops in Bali. Ngayah is a term for a person or group who works with sincere sincerity without material imbalance. Ngayah is a social bond of the Balinese (Balinese). According to the Balinese people, by carrying out their fatherhood they have also performed Hindu social and religious duties.

Ngayah is usually done with mutual cooperation in banjar (a neighborhood similar to the neighborhood) or in a holy place (temple). In carrying out ngayah, do not pay attention to educational background, employment, or social status. Those who have sincere hearts and intentions can help and carry out ngayah.